N.12.A.2 - Students know scientists maintain a permanent record of procedures, data, analyses, decisions and understanding of scientific investigations. Able to recognize proper data collection and recording procedures.
N.12.A.5 - Students know models and modeling can be used to identify and predict cause-effect relationships. Able to describe how models are used in science. Able to use models to illustrate relationships and predict outcomes. Able to evalute appropriate use of a model.